Now showing items 1368-1387 of 2044

  • The pack size effect: influence on consumer perceptions of portion sizes 

    Hieke, Sophie; Palascha, Aikaterini; Jola, Corinne; Wills, Josephine; Raats, Monique M. (Elsevier, 2015-09-28)
    Larger portions as well as larger packs can lead to larger prospective consumption estimates, larger servings and increased consumption, described as 'portion-size effects' and 'pack size effects'. Although related, the ...
  • Pan-Arctic modelling of net ecosystem exchange of CO2 

    Shaver, Gaius R.; Rastetter, Edward B.; Salmon, Verity; Street, Lorna E.; van de Weg, Martine Janet; Rocha, Adrian; van Wijk, Mark T.; Williams, Mathew (Royal Society, 2013-07-08)
    Net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of C varies greatly among Arctic ecosystems. Here, we show that approximately 75 per cent of this variation can be accounted for in a single regression model that predicts NEE as a function of ...
  • Parallel compensatory evolution stabilizes plasmids across the parasitism-mutualism continuum 

    Harrison, Ellie; Guymer, David; Spiers, Andrew J.; Paterson, Steve; Brockhurst, Michael A. (Elsevier, 2015-07-16)
    Plasmids drive genomic diversity in bacteria via horizontal gene transfer [1 and 2]; nevertheless, explaining their survival in bacterial populations is challenging [3]. Theory predicts that irrespective of their net fitness ...
  • Parameter estimation using metaheuristics in systems biology: a comprehensive review 

    Sun, Jianyong; Garibaldi, Jonathan M.; Hodgman, Charlie (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012)
    This paper gives a comprehensive review of the application of metaheuristics to optimization problems in systems biology, mainly focusing on the parameter estimation problem (also called the inverse problem or model ...
  • Part-time work and jobsharing in health care: is the NHS a family-friendly employer? 

    Branine, Mohamed (Emerald, 2003-01)
    This paper examines the nature and level of flexible employment in the National Health Service (NHS) by investigating the extent to which part-time work and job sharing arrangements are used in the provision and delivery ...
  • Participatory selection of sustainability criteria and indicators for bioenergy developments 

    Kurka, Thomas; Blackwood, David J. (Elsevier, 2013-08)
    This paper presents a generic approach for selecting sustainability criteria and indicators (C&I) by using a participatory methodology. Selecting appropriate C&I to assess the sustainability of projects or developments is ...
  • Passion in sport: on the quality of the coach-athlete relationship 

    Lafreniere, Marc-Andre K.; Jowett, Sophia; Vallerand, Robert J.; Donahue, Eric G.; Lorimer, Ross (Human Kinetics, 2008-10)
    Vallerand et al. (2003) developed a dualistic model of passion, wherein two types of passion are proposed: harmonious (HP) and obsessive (OP) passion that predict adap­tive and less adaptive interpersonal outcomes, ...
  • Paternal age bioethics 

    Smith, Kevin R. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015-06-02)
    Modern genetic sequencing studies have confirmed that the sperm of older men contain a greater number of de novo germline mutations than the sperm of younger men. Although most of these mutations are neutral or of minimal ...
  • Pathogen disgust predicts women’s preferences for masculinity in men’s voices, faces, and bodies 

    Jones, Benedict C.; Feinberg, David R.; Watkins, Christopher D.; Fincher, Corey L.; Little, Anthony C.; DeBruine, Lisa M. (Oxford University Press, 2013)
    Recent studies suggest that pathogen-related factors may contribute to systematic variation in women’s preferences for masculinity in men’s faces. However, there is very little evidence for similar correlations between ...
  • Pathways into services for offenders with intellectual disabilities: childhood experiences, diagnostic information, and offense variables 

    Lindsay, William R.; O'Brien, Gregory; Carson, Derek; Holland, Anthony J.; Taylor, John L.; Wheeler, Jessica R.; Middleton, Claire; Price, Karen; Steptoe, Lesley; Johnston, Susan (Sage Publications, 2010-06)
    The patterns and pathways into intellectual disability (ID) offender services were studied through case file review for 477 participants referred in one calendar year to community generic, community forensic, and low, ...
  • Pathways through services for offenders with intellectual disability: a one- and two-year follow-up study 

    Lindsay, William R.; Holland, Tony; Wheeler, Jessica R.; Carson, Derek; O'Brien, Gregory; Taylor, John L.; Steptoe, Lesley; Middleton, Claire; Price, Karen; Johnston, Susan; Young, Steven J. (American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2010-05)
    The pathways through services for offenders with intellectual disability were reviewed. Participants were 197 offenders with intellectual disability accepted into three types of community and three types of secure forensic ...
  • Patrick Geddes 

    Law, Alex (SAGE, 2010)
  • Pause before you respond: handedness influences response style on the Tower of Hanoi task 

    Wright, Lynn; Hardie, Scott M.; Rodway, Paul (Taylor & Francis, 2004-04)
    Comparative laterality research has indicated that marmoset monkeys with a right-hand preference take less time to respond to novel objects within a novel environment (Cameron & Rogers, 1999). This suggests that right ...
  • Peer review: beyond the call of duty? 

    Griffiths, Peter; Baveye, Philippe C. (Elsevier, 2011-01)
    The number of manuscripts submitted to most scholarly journals has increased tremendously over the last few decades, and shows no sign of leveling off. Increasingly, a key challenge faced by editors of scientific journals ...
  • Peer support equals successful study 

    Simpson, Edward; Ogwuda, Olisanwendu Ikechukwuka (The Higher Education Academy, 2004-07)
    Wondered how to get a very nearly 100% pass rate in a subject new to undergraduates?
  • People with intellectual disability who offend or are involved with the criminal justice system 

    Lindsay, William R. (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2011-09)
    Purpose of review: This review assesses the impact of recent research on the field of offenders with intellectual disabilities. Research includes work on prevalence, developments in appropriate assessments and investigations ...
  • Perceived facial adiposity conveys information about women's health 

    Tinlin, Rowan M.; Watkins, Christopher D.; Welling, Lisa L.; DeBruine, Lisa M.; Al-Dujaili, Emad A. S.; Jones, Benedict C. (Wiley, 2013-05)
    Although several prominent theories of human facial attractiveness propose that some facial characteristics convey information about people's health, empirical evidence for this claim is somewhat mixed. While most previous ...
  • Perception of risky security behaviour by users: survey of current approaches 

    Shepherd, Lynsay A.; Archibald, Jacqueline; Ferguson, R. Ian (Springer, 2013)
    What constitutes risky security behaviour is not necessarily obvious to users and as a consequence end-user devices could be vulnerable to compromise. This paper seeks to lay the groundwork for a project to provide instant ...
  • Perceptions of facial dominance, trustworthiness and attractiveness predict managerial pay awards in experimental tasks 

    Fruhen, Laura S.; Watkins, Christopher D.; Jones, Benedict C. (Elsevier, 2015-09-04)
    Positive associations between physical attractiveness and employee reward are well-documented within the organisational literature. Although the impact of facial cues to trustworthiness and dominance on a number of social ...
  • Perceptions of partner femininity predict individual differences in men’s sensitivity to facial cues of male dominance 

    Watkins, Christopher D.; DeBruine, Lisa M.; Little, Anthony C.; Feinberg, David R.; Fraccaro, Paul J.; Jones, Benedict C. (Akadémiai Kiadó, 2011-03)
    Recent research suggests that men may possess adaptations that evolved to counter strategic variation in women’s preferences for masculine men. For example, women’s preferences for masculine, dominant men are stronger ...