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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/1023

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Title: A kinetic comparison of back-loading and head-loading in Xhosa women
Authors: Lloyd, Ray
Parr, B.
Davies, S.
Cooke, C.
Affiliation: University of Abertay Dundee. School of Social & Health Sciences
Keywords: African women
Back-loading
Head-loading
Kinetics
Load carriage
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Type: Journal Article
Refereed: peer-reviewed
Rights: This is the author's final version of this article. Published version (c)Taylor & Francis, available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2011.558636
Citation: Lloyd, R., et al. 2011. A kinetic comparison of back-loading and head-loading in Xhosa women. Ergonomics. 54(4): pp.380-391. Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2011.558636
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare the kinetic responses associated with ground reaction force measurements to both head-loading and back-loading in a group of Xhosa women. Altogether, 16 women were divided into two groups based on their experience of head-loading. They walked over a force plate in three conditions: unloaded or carrying 20 kg in either a backpack or on their head. The most striking finding was that there was no difference in kinetic response to head-loading as a consequence of previous experience. Considering the differences between the load carriage methods, most changes were consistent with increasing load. Head-loading was, however, associated with a shorter contact time, smaller thrust maximum and greater vertical force minimum than back-loading. Both loading conditions differed from unloaded walking for a number of temporal variables associated with the ground contact phase, e.g. vertical impact peak was delayed whilst vertical thrust maximum occurred earlier. Statement of Relevance: Consideration of the kinetics of head and back load carriage in African women is important from a health and safety perspective, providing an understanding of the mechanical adaptations associated with both forms of load carriage for a group of people for whom such load carriage is a daily necessity.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/1023
ISSN: 0014-0139
Appears in Collections:Social & Health Sciences Collection

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