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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/342

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Title: Memory conformity: disentangling the steps toward influence during a discussion
Authors: Gabbert, Fiona
Memon, Amina
Wright, Daniel B.
Affiliation: University of Abertay Dundee. School of Social and Health Sciences
Keywords: Conversation
Free recall
Memory
Retention
Issue Date: Jun-2006
Publisher: Psychonomic Society
Type: Journal Article
Refereed: peer-reviewed
Rights: Published version (c)Psychonomic Society, available from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=psyh&AN=2006-12647-017&site=ehost-live
Citation: Gabbert, F., Memon, A. and Wright, D. B. 2006. Memory conformity: disentangling the steps toward influence during a discussion. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 13(3): pp.480-485. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=psyh&AN=2006-12647-017&site=ehost-live
Abstract: When two people see the same event and discuss it, one person's memory report can influence what the other person subsequently claims to remember. We refer to this as memory conformity. In the present article, two factors underlying the memory conformity effect are investigated. First, are there any characteristics of the dialogue that predict memory conformity? Second, is memory conformity differentially affected when information is encountered that omits, adds to, or contradicts originally encoded items? Participants were tested in pairs. The two members of each pair encoded slightly different versions of complex scenes and discussed them prior to an individual free recall test The discussions were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed. Our most striking finding was that the witness initiating the discussion was most likely to influence the other witness's memory report. Furthermore, witnesses were most likely to be influenced when an additional (previously unseen) item of information was encountered in the discussion.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/342
ISSN: 1069-9384
Appears in Collections:Social & Health Sciences Collection

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