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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/383

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Title: Detect the unexpected: a science for surveillance
Authors: Scott-Brown, Kenneth C.
Cronin, Patrick D. J.
Affiliation: University of Abertay Dundee. School of Social and Health Sciences
Keywords: Safety measures
Cognitive social psychology
Surveillance
Violence
Policing
Visual analytics
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Type: Journal Article
Refereed: peer-reviewed
Rights: This is the author's final version of this article. Published version (c)Emerald Group Publishing Limited is available from http://www.emeraldinsight.com/1363-951X.htm
Citation: Scott-Brown, K. C. & Cronin, P. D. J. 2008. Detect the unexpected: a science for surveillance. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 31(3): pp. 395-414.
Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to outline a strategy for research development focused on addressing the neglected role of visual perception in real life tasks such as policing surveillance and command and control settings. Approach – The scale of surveillance task in modern control room is expanding as technology increases input capacity at an accelerating rate. The authors review recent literature highlighting the difficulties that apply to modern surveillance and give examples of how poor detection of the unexpected can be, and how surprising this deficit can be. Perceptual phenomena such as change blindness are linked to the perceptual processes undertaken by law-enforcement personnel. Findings – A scientific programme is outlined for how detection deficits can best be addressed in the context of a multidisciplinary collaborative agenda between researchers and practitioners. The development of a cognitive research field specifically examining the occurrence of perceptual “failures” provides an opportunity for policing agencies to relate laboratory findings in psychology to their own fields of day-to-day enquiry. Originality/value – The paper shows, with examples, where interdisciplinary research may best be focussed on evaluating practical solutions and on generating useable guidelines on procedure and practice. It also argues that these processes should be investigated in real and simulated context-specific studies to confirm the validity of the findings in these new applied scenarios.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/383
ISSN: 1363-951X
Appears in Collections:Social & Health Sciences Collection

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