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|Title: ||Diminutives facilitate word segmentation in natural speech: cross-linguistic evidence|
|Authors: ||Kempe, Vera|
Brooks, Patricia J.
|Affiliation: ||University of Abertay Dundee. School of Social and Health Sciences|
|Keywords: ||Word segmentation|
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2007|
|Publisher: ||Psychonomic Society|
|Type: ||Journal Article|
|Rights: ||Published version (c)Psychonomic Society, available from http://mc.psychonomic-journals.org/content/35/4/762.abstract|
|Citation: ||Kempe, V., et al. 2007. Diminutives facilitate word segmentation in natural speech: cross-linguistic evidence. Memory & Cognition. 35(4): pp.762-773.|
|Abstract: ||Final-syllable invariance is characteristic of diminutives (e.g., doggie), which are a pervasive feature of the child-directed speech registers of many languages. Invariance in word endings has been shown to facilitate word segmentation (Kempe, Brooks, & Gillis, 2005) in an incidental-learning paradigm in which synthesized Dutch pseudonouns were used. To broaden the cross-linguistic evidence for this invariance effect and to increase its ecological validity, adult English speakers (n = 276) were exposed to naturally spoken Dutch or Russian pseudonouns presented in sentence contexts. A forced choice test was given to assess target recognition, with foils comprising unfamiliar syllable combinations in Experiments 1 and 2 and syllable combinations straddling word boundaries in Experiment 3. A control group (n = 210) received the recognition test with no prior exposure to targets. Recognition performance improved with increasing final-syllable rhyme invariance, with larger increases for the experimental group. This confirms that word ending invariance is a valid segmentation cue in artificial, as well as naturalistic, speech and that diminutives may aid segmentation in a number of languages.|
|Appears in Collections:||Social & Health Sciences Collection|
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