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Title: Individual-based modeling of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in soils: parameterization and sensitivity analysis of abiotic components
Authors: Gras, Anna
Ginovart, Marta
Portell, Xavier
Baveye, Philippe C.
Affiliation: University of Abertay Dundee. School of Social & Health Sciences
University of Abertay Dundee. Scottish Informatics, Mathematics, Biology and Statistics Centre
Keywords: Individual-based model
Discrete simulation model
Soil microbial activity
Soil organic matter
C and N mineralization
Abiotic kinetic parameters
Issue Date: Aug-2010
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Type: Journal Article
Refereed: peer-reviewed
Citation: Gras, A. et al. 2010. Individual-based modeling of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in soils: parameterization and sensitivity analysis of abiotic components. Soil Science. 175(8): pp.363-374. [Online] Available from DOI: 10.1097/SS.0b013e3181eda507
Abstract: The need to predict with reasonable accuracy the fate of soil C and N compounds in soils in response to climate change is stimulating interest in a new generation of microscale models of soil ecosystem processes. Essential to the development of such models is the ability to describe the growth and metabolism of small numbers of individual microorganisms. In this context, the key objective of the research described in this article was to further develop an individual-based soil organic matter (SOM) model, INDISIM-SOM, first proposed a few years ago, and to assess its performance with a broader data set than previously considered. The INDISIM-SOM models the dynamics and evolution of C and N associated with organic matter in soils. The model involves a number of state variables and parameters related to SOM and microbial activity, including growth and decay of microbial biomass, temporal evolution of mineralized intermediate C and N, mineral N in ammonium and nitrate, carbon dioxide, and O2. Simulation results demonstrate good fit of the model to experimental data from laboratory incubation experiments performed on three different types of Mediterranean soils. A second objective was to determine the sensitivity of the model toward its various parameters. Sensitivity was small for several of the parameters, suggesting possible simplifications of the model for specific uses, but was significant particularly for the parameter associated with the fraction of the soil C present in the biomass. These results suggest that research should be focused on improving the measurement of this latter parameter.
Description: Published version (c)Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, available from DOI:10.1097/SS.0b013e3181eda507
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/586
ISSN: 0038-075X
Appears in Collections:Social & Health Sciences Collection

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