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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/74

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Title: I still think it was a banana: Memorable lies and forgettable truths
Authors: Allan, Kevin
Gabbert, Fiona
Affiliation: University of Abertay Dundee. School of Social and Health Sciences. Division of Psychology
Keywords: Social cognition
Memory
Conformity
Social perception
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Type: Article
Refereed: Peer-reviewed
Rights: (c)Elsevier. Published version available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2007.06.001
Citation: Allan, K. & Gabbert, F. 2008. I still think it was a banana: Memorable lies and forgettable truths. Acta Psychologica. 127(2) pp299-308.
Abstract: Interpersonal influences on cognition can distort memory judgements. Two experiments examined the nature of these ‘social’ influences, and whether their persistence is independent of their accuracy. Experiment 1 found that a confederate’s social proximity, as well as the content and the confidence of their utterances, interactively modulate participants’ immediate conformity. Notably, errant confederate statements that ‘lied’ about encoded material had a particularly strong immediate distorting influence on memory judgements. Experiment 2 revealed that these ‘lies’ were also memorable, continuing a day later to impair memory accuracy, while accurate confederate statements failed to produce a corresponding and lasting beneficial effect on memory. These findings suggest that an individual’s ‘informational’ social influence can be selectively heightened when they express misinformation to someone who suspects no deceptive intent. The methods newly introduced here thus allow multiple social and cognitive factors impinging on memory accuracy to be manipulated and examined during realistic, precisely controlled dyadic social interactions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/74
Appears in Collections:Social & Health Sciences Collection

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