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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/98

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Title: What maternal factors influence the diet of 2-year-old children living in deprived areas? A cross-sectional survey
Authors: Crombie, Iain K.
Kiezebrink, Kirsty
Irvine, Linda
Wrieden, Wendy L.
Swanson, Vivien
Power, Kevin
Slane, Peter W.
Affiliation: University of Abertay Dundee. School of Contemporary Sciences
Keywords: Deprivation
Socio-economic
Children's diet
Inequalities
Health
Behaviour
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Type: Journal Article
Refereed: peer-reviewed
Rights: (c) The Authors
Citation: Crombie, I.K. et al. 2008. What maternal factors influence the diet of 2-year-old children living in deprived areas? A cross-sectional survey. Public Health Nutrition. 12(8). pp. 1254-1260. doi:10.1017/S1368980008003819
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the maternal factors associated with poor diet among disadvantaged children. Design: Survey of 300 mothers of 2-year-old children from areas of high deprivation in Scotland (response rate 81 %). A diet quality score was derived from reported consumption of carbohydrates, protein, fruit and vegetables, dairy products and restriction of sugary fatty foods. Results: Most children (85 %) were classified as having a poor quality diet (low diet quality score). Mothers’ general knowledge about healthy eating was high, but did not predict the quality of the children’s diet. Lower frequencies of food preparation and serving, such as cooking with raw ingredients, providing breakfast daily and the family eating together, were also associated with a poorer diet. Regression modelling identified five significant factors. An increased risk of a poor diet was associated with mothers being unlikely to restrict sweets (OR=21.63, 95% CI 2.70, 173.30) or finding it difficult to provide 2–3 portions of fruit daily (OR=2.94, 95% CI 1.09, 7.95). Concern that the child did not eat enough increased the risk of a poor diet (OR=2.37, 95% CI 1.09, 5.16). Believing a healthy diet would help the child eat more reduced the risk of having a poor diet (OR =0.28, 95% CI 0.11, 0.74), as did providing breakfast daily (OR=0.22, 95% CI 0.05, 0.99). Conclusions: Interventions to improve children’s diet could promote more positive intentions about preparing and serving of foods, particularly of specific meals at which the family eats together. The benefits of these behaviours to the child (improved diet, weight control) should be emphasised.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10373/98
ISSN: 1368-9800
Appears in Collections:Science Engineering & Technology Collection

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